In 1947 India divided into two parts, one remains India and another named Pakistan. Pakistan had two parts, one was the West Pakistan & another was East Pakistan. Dhaka was the capital of the East Pakistan. Pakistan government and military ware largely dominated by the upper classes from the West. The Bengali Language movement of 1952 was the first sign of friction between two wings of Pakistan. Dissatisfaction with the central government over economic & cultural issues continued to rise through the next decade. In 1971, a bloody war took place and after nine months liberation war Pakistan surrendered and Bangladesh become an independent country on 16 December in 1971.